Coordinates: 12°07′N 61°40′W / 12.117°N 61.667°W / 12.117; -61.667
Grenada (i/ɡrᵻˈneɪdə/; French: La Grenade) is an island country consisting of Grenada itself and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. Grenada is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela, and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
Grenada is also known as the "Island of Spice" because of the production of nutmeg and mace crops, of which it is one of the world's largest exporters. Its size is 344 square kilometres (133 sq mi), with an estimated population of 110,000. Its capital is St. George's. The national bird of Grenada is the critically endangered Grenada dove.
In 1649 a French expedition of 203 men from Martinique led by Jacques du Parquet founded a permanent settlement on Grenada. Within months this led to conflict with the local islanders which lasted until 1654 when the island was completely subjugated by the French. Those indigenous islanders who survived either left for neighbouring islands or retreated to remoter parts of Grenada where they were marginalised—the last distinct communities disappeared during the 1700s.
The Grenada was a 408-ton merchant ship built at Kingston upon Hull, England in 1810. She made four voyages transporting convicts from England to Australia.
Grenada was sheathed in copper in 1816.
Under the command of Andrew Donald and surgeon Emanuel Lazzaretto, she left Sheerness, England on 8 May 1819 with 152 male convicts, passengers and cargo. She arrived at Sydney on 21 October. No convicts died on the voyage. Grenada sailed from Port Jackson on 27 December, bound for Calcutta.
Grenada left Portsmouth, England under the command of Andrew Donald and surgeon Peter Cunningham on 9 May 1821 with 152 male convicts, passengers and cargo. She arrived at Sydney on 16 September. No convicts died on the voyage. She left Port Jackson in December with cargo and passengers for Batavia.
Under the command of Alexander Anderson and surgeon Peter Cunningham, she left London, England on 2 October 1824 with 81 female convicts, passengers and cargo. She arrived at Sydney on 23 January 1825. No convicts died on the voyage. Grenada sailed from Port Jackson on 27 March, bound for Madras.
"Granada" is a song written in 1932 by Mexican composer Agustín Lara. The song is about the Spanish city of Granada and has become a standard in music repertoire.
The most popular versions are: the original with Spanish lyrics by Lara (often sung operatically); a version with English lyrics by Australian lyricist Dorothy Dodd; and instrumental versions in jazz, pop, easy listening, flamenco or rock styles. Other versions in English also exist (one with lyrics by Al Stewart, and one with lyrics by Robert Musel and Edward Lisbona) but these are less common. An Italian version was written in 1954 by Enzo Luigi Poletto. There are also versions in German and in other languages.
The song has been covered many times. Popular versions include those by Frankie Laine, Jorge Negrete, Mario Lanza and Frank Sinatra. In Italian by Claudio Villa and, in German, by Fritz Wunderlich and Spanish pop-duo Baccara.
The song was much favoured by theatre organists in the UK, because it provided an opportunity for showing off the organ's tuned [harp, glockenspiel, etc.] and non-tuned [castenets, tambourine] percussion.
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